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Teaching Practical Tasks with Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality An Experimental Study Comparing Learning Outcomes

  • RELEVANCE & RESEARCH QUESTION: Currently the effectiveness of Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) systems as practice teaching methods are virtually uncharted. The proof that these systems can provide the same or better learning outcomes than a text instructed practical task could represent a significant benefit for educational activities. METHODS & DATA: To fathom the effectiveness, an experimental study with the three conditions (VR, AR and a real setup) were used to teach participant how to assemble a standard computer. Each condition was divided into two parts: part one in which participants were confronted with their specific scenario, part two in which participants had to go through a real practice after one week. The learning outcome was determined by the designation of hardware parts, a quiz that queried their function and the correct assembling of the components in addition to needed time. Apart from the mere performance, the acceptance of such application in academic context and difference in evaluation by men and women were of interest. RESULTS: Results concerning the Learning Outcome showed that participants from the VR condition outperformed those learned from the real setup ((M=10.0, SD=0.0) [virtual reality] vs. (M=8.95, SD=1.27) [control]). Furthermore, results from the assembling duration assessment demonstrated that VR Group Participants completed their tasks 6.62% faster than the control group. Regarding the identification of Hardware Parts, both groups scored a significant improvement during the post condition compared to the first test run, indicating a learning progress. However, due to the VR group achieving a better outcome in average answers and a more significant difference between the trials, the results indicate a better performance by participants assigned to the VR condition. ADDED VALUE: The results revealed that VR and AR systems could exceed text-based approach in terms of learning outcome performance. The effectiveness of the systems implicates a major benefit for the educational landscape, as learning content that is not realizable in terms of cost, distance or logistics could be designed as an immersive and engaging experience.

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Author:Alexander Arntz, Sabrina Eimler, Uwe Handmann, Dustin Keßler
Parent Title (English):21st General Online Research Conference
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of Completion:2019
Release Date:2019/07/01
Page Number:1
First Page:49
Last Page:49
Institutes:Fachbereich 1 - Institut Informatik
DDC class:000 Allgemeines, Informatik, Informationswissenschaft / 004 Informatik
Licence (German):License LogoNo Creative Commons